Progressives: Solidarity (of Poland) (27/06/22 19:24:58)
To this there are some relevant extra information not shown in the Wikipedia article.
One is that Poland is special.
"The Constitution of 3 May 1791 combined a monarchic republic with a clear division of executive, legislative, and judiciary powers. It is generally considered Europe's first and the world's second, modern written national constitution, after the United States Constitution that had come into force in 1789.[d]"
"As the Sejm failed to implement sufficient reforms, the state machinery became increasingly dysfunctional. A significant cause of the Commonwealth's downfall was the liberum veto ("free veto"), which, since 1652, had allowed any Sejm deputy to nullify all the legislation enacted by that Sejm. As a result, deputies bribed by magnates or foreign powers—primarily from the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia and France, which had an ongoing revolution—or deputies who believed they were living in an unprecedented "Golden Age" paralysed the Commonwealth's government for over a century. The threat of the liberum veto could only be overridden by the establishment of a "confederated sejm", which was immune to the liberum veto. Declaring that a sejm either constituted a "confederation" or belonged to one was a contrivance prominently used by foreign interests in the 18th century to force a legislative outcome.
By the early 18th century, the magnates of Poland and Lithuania controlled the state, ensuring that no reforms that might weaken their privileged status (the "Golden Freedoms") would be enacted. The ineffective monarchs who were elected to the Commonwealth throne in the early 18th century,"
This reminds me somewhat of the situaton on the western side of the Atlantic ocean.
Early on - say late 1970s or early 1980s there were repeated conflicts at the Lenin shipyard in Gdansk. At the time - IIRC - it was said that more than 50 percent of all consumed alcohol in Poland was consumed in workplaces. So when there was conflict, and the workers occupied the shipyard, there was a ban on alcohol consumption there.
I think Russians, Belarusians and others may learn something from the Polish struggle around 1980.
All this because I looked up caipirinha. According to the web page
only one place in the world can caipirinhas of Brazil quality be had: Lisboa. And I've been to that bar.
But I'm too old for drinking. That's for the young folks.
|back to main board||expand thread|
|This board has been visited 254198 times||Current time is 11/08/22 12:40:48|