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Re: Heisenberg, The Bomb, and a sprinkle of heavy water (14/06/22 17:16:36)
    "A little-known operation of the Manhattan Engineer District took place in Europe. Code-named the "Alsos" Mission, these intelligence-gathering operations moved with the advancing Allies to learn firsthand how close Germany was to developing its own atomic weapon. Under the command of General Leslie Groves, these operations succeeded in capturing most of the key German scientists, stores of uranium ore and other nuclear raw materials, and thousands of research documents regarding the development of atomic energy.

    When Groves learned the origins of the code name "Alsos," he was infuriated: "The Manhattan Project always carefully avoided drawing undue attention to its work and to its people. Code names for our projects were deliberately innocuous. Imagine my horror, then, when I learned that the G-2 had given the scientific intelligence mission to Italy the names "Alsos," which one of my more scholarly colleagues promptly informed me was the Greek word for "groves." My first inclination was to have the mission renamed, but I decided that to change it now would only draw attention to it."

    A number of European physicists, including Leo Szilard, Enrico Fermi, and Emilio Segre, were extremely worried about a German effort to build an atomic bomb. "

    "Still others have made the case that the German atomic program to develop a bomb was farther along than most historians have believed and some have alleged that Diebner's team conducted the first successful nuclear weapon test of some type (employing hollow charges for ignition) of nuclear-related device in Ohrdruf, Thuringia on 4 March 1945. The recent discovery of over 126,000 barrels of nuclear waste buried over 2000 feet in an abandoned salt mine near Hanover, Germany in 2011 has created further controversy surrounding the extent of the German atomic bomb program."


    (the article is worth a read)

    "In February, 2006, scientists from Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt in Germany traveled to Thuringia and took samples of soil to see if there was evidence there of any kind of a nuclear blast. Their reported revealed no abnormal background levels of radiation, other than those elevated as a result of the Russian Chernobyl reactor accident in 1986. Still, the report emphasizes that the tests do not disprove that there was an atomic blast at that location. It simply shows that there is no evidence in the soil to to support such a claim."

    As a citizen of a peripheral country, it is of interest to have a final reply to the question: Was the heroic sabotage of the Norwegian heavy water production facility useless or not?

    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norwegian_heavy_water_sabotage) (dramatic and informative. Peacetime yield: Two full-length movies).

    AFAIK the Israeli Dimona reactor was also supplied with heavy water from Norsk Hydro )mow the fertiliser business is taken over by Yara, while Hydro is aluminium only).


    Ah, those good old days.

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Re: Heisenberg, The Bomb, and a sprinkle of heavy water